Parakrama Samudraya in the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa - Beautiful places in sri lanka by Dasun Lanka website


07 September 2021

Parakrama Samudraya in the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa

The Parakrama Samudraya

Parakrama Samudraya in the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa is a large reservoir located in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka.

Parakrama Samudraya


This is a beautiful view from the first canal that meets at the very beginning of the old town of Polonnaruwa. When you see it, you immediately catch your eye.

On the one hand, it is a vast, endless reservoir. The same is true on the other side. The cool breeze that blows across the invisible reservoir chases away fatigue. The waves crashing on the bund of the tank wall claim that this is a landlocked sea. Needless to say, such a view comforts you right in front of the mighty sea.

The most powerful sea in the kingdom of Polonnaruwa

Parakrama Samudra, located in the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa, the second capital of our country in the Rajarata tank state, is a unique reservoir for Sri Lanka. King Parakramabahu the Great is the creator of the Parakrama Samudra, which means "King among the reservoirs". 

It is a royal decree that "not a drop of water falling from the sky should be allowed to flow into the sea without being utilized." He was the undisputed ruler of our country from 1153 to 1186 AD. Parakrama Samudra was the most prosperous and magnificent structure in the field of irrigation and agriculture.

A combination of six lakes

It is said that Parakrama Samudraya, which went beyond the traditional concept of tanks, was a combination of six tanks. Namely, Topawewa, Eramudu Wewa, Dumbutulu Wewa, Kalahagala Wewa, Bhu Wewa and Bandi Wewa. All the tanks except the one attached to it were separated from each other by internal dams. However, Kalahagala Lake and Bhu Wewa have been neglected in the post-1937 renovations.

Tank of the Parakrama Sea

It is said that the bund of the present day Parakrama Samudra was about 8 miles long. The height of the bund, which was 55 feet before the reconstruction, is limited to 40 feet. The maximum water capacity of the Parakrama Ocean is 109,000 acre feet. Current Area The sluice gates of the 2800 sq. M. Reservoir supply water to the cultivated areas.

The fact that there were seven sluices in the ancient ocean shows that the fertility of that time was clear. Along the present 3 canals, the area of ​​cultivated land fed by the reservoir is about 20,000 acres. Chronicles reveal that there were 11 canals connected to the ancient Parakrama Sea.


R. L. Mr. Brohier presented the concept of the Parakum Sea. And then d. The. The lake was well prepared after about 900 years due to the memorable service rendered by Mr. Senanayake. As a result, on February 22, 1954, the reservoir overflowed.

Water catchment areas

It is built across the Amban River, a major tributary of the Mahaweli River. Its anicut is fed by the canal called Akasha Ganga and the water of Giritale tank flows through Thambalawewa and Kadawalawewa. That canal is now called Ma Oya.
Apart from this, the Parakum Samudra is fed by several canals flowing from the Sudukanda watershed in the Matale district during the rainy season. The construction of the Angamedilla canal, also known as the Akasha Ganga, mentioned earlier, between 100 and 200 feet of contour lines, is a testament to the glory of the unparalleled irrigation technology we have inherited.

That is why Tudaga Row echoes the call for the dawn of a bygone era.


Parakrama Samudraya

Parakrama Samudraya

Parakrama Samudraya

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